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dot European Union

A. Court of Justice of the European Union

a. Case Law
aa. Sexual Orientation

more2 WWW6Dr David L. Parris v Trinity College Dublin, Higher Education Authority,  Department of Public Expenditure and Reform, Department of Education and Skills (C-443/15) | 24.11.2016 (requirement for survivors pensions that the employee's marriage/registered partnership must take place before retirement at a time when same-sex couples were legally unable to register their relationships)
more2 WWW6 Geoffrey Léger v Ministre des affaires sociales et de la santé, Établissement français du sang (C-528/13) | 29.04.2015 (blood donations - exclusion of men who have sex with men) (litigated by ECSOL-member Caroline Mécary)
more2 WWW6A, B & C v Staatssecretaris van Veiligheid en Justitie v Staatssecretaris van Veiligheid en Justitie (Grand Chamber) (C-148/13, C-149/13, C-150/13) | 02.12.2014 (asylum – kind of investigations (in)admissible for establishing the sexual orientation of an asylum seeker)
more2 WWW6 Hay v. Credit agricole mutuel | 12.12.2013 (direct employment discrimination of same-sex PACS-partners vs married couples)
more2 WWW6 X, Y & Z v Minister voor Immigratie en Asiel | 07.11.2013 (asylum – concealment of sexual orientation a reasonable request?)
more2 WWW6 Asociatia ACCEPT | 25.04.2013 (recruitment of football players)
more2 WWW6 Jürgen Römer v. Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, judgment (Grand Chamber) | 10.05.2011 (registered partners - marriage - equal treatment) (litigated by ECSOL-member Helmut Graupner)
more2 WWW6Tadao Maruko v. VddB, judgment (Grand Chamber) | 01.04.2008 (registered partners - marriage - equal treatment) (litigated by ECSOL-member Helmut Graupner)
more2 PDF Graupner, The ECJ Römer Judgment - a first assessment more2PPT Powerpoint Version | 13.05.2011
more2 PDF Graupner, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation in the ECJ's Rulings more2PPTPowerpoint Version | 30.06.2009

bb. Gender Identity

more2 WWW6Sarah Margaret Richards v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions (C-423/04) | 27.04.2006 (male-to-female transsexual denied pension at pension age for women - discrimination on the ground of sex, Dir 79/EEC)
more2 WWW6K.B. vs. National Health Service Pensions Agency (C-117/01) | 07.01.2004 (K.B. (female) & R (male after gender reassignment) banned from marriage - Such legislation precluded by Art. 141 EC)
more2 WWW6 P. vs. S. & Cornwall County Council (C-13/94) |  30.04.1996 (Dir 76/207/EEC precludes dismissal of a transsexual for a reason related to a gender reassignment)


b. Pending Cases

more2 WWW6 E.B. vs. BVA (C-258/17) | (pension discrimination based upon former homophobic criminal conviction) (litigated by ECSOL-member Helmut Graupner)
more2 WWW6 F v Bevándorlási és Állampolgársági Hivatal (C-473/16) | (asylum – kind of investigations (in)admissible for establishing the sexual orientation of an asylum seeker)



B. General Court of the European Union
 

more2 WWW6 Commission v Anton Pieter Roodhuijzen | 05.10.2009 (unmarried partners - marriage - equal treatment)


C. Civil Service Tribunal

more2 WWW6 W. v. Commission | 14.10.2010 (household allowance for registered couple; exemption from marriage-requirement because homosexual contact is a criminal offence in the home-country of one partner)

 European Court of Human Rights

A. Case-Law

a) Sexual Orientation

  Ratzenböck & Seydl v Austria (28475/12) judgment | 26.10.2017 (exclusion of opposite-sex couples from registered partnership) (litigated by ECSOL-member Helmut Graupner)
Bayev v. Russia (67667/09 et al) judgment | 20.06.2017 (regional anti-"propaganda" laws) (litigated by ECSOL-member Dmitri Bartenev)
Hörmann et al v Austria (31185/13, 31176/13) decision | 30.03.2017 (segregated place of conclusion for registered partnerships vs civil marriage) (litigated by ECSOL-member Helmut Graupner)
KAOS G.L. vs. Turkey (51362/09) judgment | 22.11.2016  (seizure of LGBT-magazine for being obscene and prosecution of editor)
O.M. vs Hungary (9912/15) judgment | 05.07.2016 (asylum detention - risk to abuse on account of sexual orientation)
  Taddeucci & McCall vs. Italy (51362/09) judgment | 30.06.2016  (refusal to give same-sex partner residence permit when married different sex partner would have been given one) (litigated by ECSOL-member Robert Wintemute) (third party intervention by ECSOL represented by ECSOL-member Alexander Schuster)
 M.C. & A.C. vs. Romania (12060/12) judgment | 12.04.2016 (effective investigation into homophobic violence)
 Chapin & Charpentier vs. France (40183/07), judgment | 09.06.2016  (same-sex marriage) (litigated by ECSOL-member Caroline Mecary) (third party intervention represented by ECSOL-member Robert Wintemute)
 Pajic v. Croatia (68453/13), judgment | 23.02.2016  (refusal to give same-sex partner residence permit when unmarried different sex partner would have been given one)
 Oliari et. al. vs Italy (18766/11 36030/11), judgment | 21.07.2015  (lack of legal recognition of same-sex partnerships) (litigated by ECSOL-member Alexander Schuster) (third party intervention by ECSOL represented by ECSOL-member Robert Wintemute)
Identoba and others vs Georgia (73235/12), judgment | 12.05.2015 (failure to protect demonstration and homophobic behaviour by police)
  M.E. v Sweden, judgment | 26.06.2014 (requirement for asylum seeker to go back to Libya to apply for a residence permit on the basis of his Swedish same-sex marriage)
E.B. v Austria III, decision | 24.06.2014 (homophobic convictions as aggravating factor in sentencing) (litigated by ECSOL-member Helmut Graupner)
F.J. & E.B. v Austria, decision | 25.03.2014 (data of police investigations under prior homophobic offences) (litigated by ECSOL-member Helmut Graupner)
Vallianatos et al v Greece, judgment (Grand Chamber) | 07.11.2013 (restriction of registered partnership to opposite-sex couples) (third party intervention represented by ECSOL-member Robert Wintemute)
E.B. et al v Austria, judgment  | 07.11.2013 (prior homophobic convictions in criminal record) (litigated by ECSOL-member Helmut Graupner)
M.K.N. vs Sweden, judgment | 27.06.2013 (asylum – how to prove homosexuality?)
Boeckel & Gessner-Boeckel, decision | 07.05.2013 (automatic co-parenthood)
X et al. v Austria, judgment (Grand Chamber) | 19.02.2013 (step-parent adoption in de-facto same-sex couple) (litigated by ECSOL-member Helmut Graupner) (third party intervention  by ECSOL represented by ECSOL-member Robert Wintemute)
Eweida et. al. v United Kingdom, judgment | 15.01.2013 (right to refuse to serve same-sex couples because of religious beliefs)
Küchl vs. Austria, judgment | 04.12.2012 (media disclosure of homosexual acts in catholic seminary)
Rothe vs. Austria, judgment | 04.12.2012 (media disclosure of homosexual acts in catholic seminary)
Verlagsgruppe News GmbH & Bobi vs. Austria, judgment | 04.12.2012 (media disclosure of homosexual acts in catholic seminary)
X v Turkey, judgment | 09.10.2012 (inhuman treatment and discrimination of gay prisoner)
GenderDoc v. Moldova, judgment | 15.06.2012 (ban of pride parade)
Gas & Dubois v. France, judgment | 15.03.2012 (second-parent adoption in registered partnership) (litigated by ECSOL-member Caroline Mecary) (third party intervention represented by ECSOL-member Robert Wintemute)
Vejdeland v. Sweden, judgment | 09.02.2012 (hate crime legislation v. free speech)
Stasi v. France, judgment | 20.10.2011 (rape and torture of gay prisoner)
Alekseyev vs. RUS, judgment | 21.10.2010 (ban of gay pride parade) (litigated by ECSOL-member Dmitri Bartenev)
J.M. vs UK, judgment | 28.09.2010 (child support contributions and same-sex cohabitants)
Manenc vs. F, decision | 21.09.2010 (survivors pension for PACS-partner)
Santos Couto vs. Portugal | 21.09.2010 (discriminatory age of consent)
P.B. & J.S. vs. Austria, judgment | 22.07.2010 (health insurance benefits for same-sex cohabitants)
Schalk & Kopf vs. Austria, judgment | 24.06.2010 (same-sex marriage/registered partnership) (third party intervention represented by ECSOL-member Robert Wintemute)
Kozak vs. Poland, judgment | 02.03.2010 (right of surviving same-sex cohabiting partner to succeed in tenancy)
Porubova vs. Russia, judgment | 08.10.2009 (media reports about politicians’ homosexuality)
E.B. vs. France, judgment (Grand Chamber) | 22.01.2008 (adoption by one person) (litigated by ECSOL-member Caroline Mecary) (third party intervention represented by ECSOL-member Robert Wintemute)
 Robert Wintemute: Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Discrimination - The Case Law of the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Union | 06.06.2015
Helmut Graupner: Sexual Orientation – The Case Law of the European Court of Human Rights Powerpoint Version | 21.11.2013

b) Gender Identity

A.P., Garcon & Nicot v France, 79885/12 et. al.A.P., Garcon & Nicot v France, 79885/12 et. al.06.04.2017 (sterilisation-requirement for recognition in other gender)
  YY v Turkey, 14793/0810.03.2015 (sterilisation-requirement for gender reassignment (surgery))
Hamalainen v Finland, judgment (Grand Chamber) | 16.07.2014 (transformation of marriage into registered partnership as a precondition for recognition of new gender) (litigated by ECSOL-member Constantin Cojocariu
Halat v. Turkey, judgment | 08.11.2011 (ill-treatment of transwoman in police custody)
P.V: vs. Spain, judgment | 30.11.2010 (visitation-rights of transsexual parent)
Schlumpf vs. Switzerland, judgment | 08.01.2009 (refusal of insurance-company to pay sex-change surgery)
Helmut Graupner: Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity – The Case Law of the European Court of Human Rights Powerpoint Version | 17.10.2011


B. Communicated Cases (pending)

a) Sexual Orientation 

 A.T. v Sweden, 78701/14 (expulsion of gay man to Iran)
 Nikolay Aleksandrovich ALEKSEYEV and Others against Russia, 31782/15 (refusal to permit individuals to assemble in public to advocate for LGBT human rights)
 Nikolay Aleksandrovich ALEKSEYEV et. al. vs. Russia (14988/09) (ban on holding LGBT public assemblies) 
 Nikolay Aleksandrovich ALEKSEYEV & Movement for Marriage Equality and Others against Russia (35949/11, 58282/12) (refusal to register LGBT-NGO) (litigated by ECSOL-member Dmitri Bartenev)
Aleksandr Vladimirovich LASHMANKIN v. Russia and 14 other applications , 57818/09 (ban on gay pride) (litigated by ECSOL-member Dmitri Bartenev)
Aleksandr Zhdanov & Rainbow House & Rainbow House against Russia, 12200/10, (refusal to register lgbt-NGO)
 Marie CHARRON & Ewenne MERLE-MONTET v France (22612/15) (articial insemination - unmarried couples) (litigated by ECSOL-member Caroline Mecary)
 D & B vs. Austria (40597/12) (joint custody by de-facto same-sex couple)
 Dordevic et. al.v. Serbia (5591/10 et.al.) (ban on pride marches)
Eka Agdgomelashvili and Tinatin Japaridze v. Georgia (7224/11) (police raid of premises of LGBT-NGO and abuse of staff) (litigated by ECSOL-member Jopio Japaridze)
Francine Bonnaud & Patricia Lecoq vs France, 6190/11 (delegation of parental authority)
Fedotova-Fret & Shipitko et. al. vs Russia (40792/10), (lack of legal recognition of same-.sex partnerships) (litigated by ECSOL-member Dmitri Bartenev)
Hallier & Lucas v. France, 46386/10, ("paternity" leave for lesbian mother's co-parent)
 IDENTITOBA et. al.v. Georgia (74959/13) (attacks on pride marches - failure of protection)
 Durdica Klobucar v. Croatia, 28416/14, (police abuse on the basis of sexual orientation) (litigated by ECSOL-member Sanja Juras)
Orlandi et. al. v Italy, 26431/12 26742/12 44057/12 60088/12 (refusal to register same-sex marriage performed abroad, lack of legal recognition of same-sex partnerships)
Sabalic v. Croatia (50231/13) (failure to protect demonstration and homophobic behaviour by police)
 Sozayev et al. v Russia and Samburov v Russia (67685/14 & 35199/15) (dissolution of a demonstration against an anti-"homosexual propaganda"-bill and arrest of participants)
 WISG v. Georgia, 73204/13 (Attacks on IDAHO event – 17 May 2013: failure of authorities to investigate the violence adequately, and failure to use provisions for aggravated circumstance)

b) Gender Identity  

DC (former: GG) v. Turkey (10 684/13) (refusal to give transsexual prisoner gender reassignment treatment)
 Aleksandr Anatolyevich NIKULIN against Russia and 20 other applications (30125/06 [the trans case is: application no. 63378/13 lodged on 19 September 2013 by Yelena Anatolyevna BOGDANOVA]) (refusal of the prison authorities to provide hormone therapy to a trans person)