With a large majority, Resolution 2239(2018) on "Private and family life: achieving equality regardless of sexual orientation" has been adopted by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe on 10 October 2018. It gives a minimum list of partners’ rights that should be made available to same-sex couples in all member states of the Council of Europe.
By a judgment of 15 June 2018, delivered 29 June 2018, the Austrian Constitutional Court, in proceedings litigated by ECSOL-member Helmut Graupner, has ordered, with immediate effect, that sex entries in the civil registries and in identity documents have to reflect individual self-determined gender identity. This judgment of the world´s first and oldest Constitutional Court makes Austria the first country in Europe and the third world-wide recognizing third gender as a human right.
In a judgment handed down on 27 June 2018 the UK Supreme Court unanimously declared that the ban preventing opposite-sex couples from obtaining a civil partnership was incompatible with their human rights and amounted to discrimination.
A person who has changed gender cannot be required to annul the marriage which he or she entered into before that change of gender in order to be entitled to receive a retirement pension at the age provided for persons of the sex which he or she has acquired. Such a condition constitutes direct discrimination based on sex